观点 | 殷成志副教授做客CGTN谈北京大兴国际机场的建设
The first thing we should think about is three key words. The first would be twenty-minutes. And the second would be one-hour. And the third would be collaborative governance.
Twenty-minutes means that the future development of the transportation network in Beijing-Tianjing-Hebei Region will firstly create a connection between Beijing central district and the Daxing International Airport with a maximum travelling time of twenty minutes. A new airport express from the Caoqiao subway station to the Daxing International Airport links the subway line 10, the outer ring subway line of Beijing, to the airport. Passengers could arrive at the Daxing Airport in 20 minutes with this airport express. And second connection would be the high-speed train, so-called inter-city express. That is from Beijing West Railway Station to the Daxing International Airport, and to several municipalities like Gu'an, Yongqing, Bazhou, and finally reaches the Xiongan New Area. It would take also around 20 minutes from the Beijing West Railway Station to the Daxing International Airport with this high-speed train. Besides, the express way newly developed may take passengers to the Daxing International Airport from the fifth ring road in 20 minutes, but of course, without congestion.
One-hour means that with the development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei regional transportation network, the travelling time of passengers from one major municipality to an another would be less than one hour. In addition, future development of municipal transit system could also create one-hour commuting circles centered major cities in the region.
Collaborative governance has been implemented by both Beijing Municipality and Hebei Province to jointly provide power supply, water supply to the Daxing International Airport. They also worked together developing the green buffers of the airport. Since the Daxing International Airport serves both Beijing and Xiongan New Area, there will be more need for collaborative governance.
Airports in Beijing-Tianjing-Hebei Region are with different functions. The Beijing Capital Airport will serve capital core functions in the future. The Daxing Airport will be a regional airport which serves both Beijing and Xiongan New Area. Geographically, because the Daxing Airport is actually closer to the Xiongan New Area than to the central part of Beijing, it would facilitate the aviation services to more passengers in Xiongan and other southern municipalities in the region. Besides, with continuous economic growth in the region and in China, there will be an even stronger demand for affordable aviation services. The development of airports would provide more room and possibilities for low-cost flights.